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chemical spill clean up

Mercury Cleanup & Response for HAZMAT

Mercury Cleanup & Response for HAZMAT

By | chemical spill clean up, Uncategorized

There are many chemicals that are used, tested, and sometimes even spilled in a day. If you do not work in a lab or in an environment where different chemicals are present that you may not consider the potential risks these chemicals can place on a group of people or even an area if they are mishandled or spilled accidentally. Every chemical has different risks and dangers – some more significant than others, and thus being prepared in the event that a dangerous chemical is released into the environment is a necessity for overall protection. Who do we turn to when chemicals are accidentally or purposefully released into the environment, and worse when a hazardous chemical like Mercury is the released chemical?

Mercury is a shiny, silvery liquid chemical that can cause some serious health problems. When liquid mercury vaporizes at room temperature it will cause an elevation of mercury levels in your indoor air. This chemical is quite hazardous when it becomes a vapor, as it is not irritating, and it has no odor, so people are not even aware that they are breathing it in their body. Even the smallest trace amount of mercury present in the environment can cause harm.

Mercury Spill ManagementWhat is Mercury Used for

The chemical mercury is present in more things than you may have known. It can be used to make thermometers, barometers, and other scientific instruments like blood pressure units and gas pressure regulators. One of the main industrial uses for mercury is in fluorescent lights, where a mercury vapor discharge produces ultraviolet light that then makes the tube coating fluorescent in visible lighting. Mercury is used in very small amounts with a pound of mercury being smaller than a golf ball.

Another popular use for mercury today is in dental fillings. All silver-colored fillings are dental amalgam fillings, and each of these fillings is approximately 50% mercury. Although there are many countries that have banned or limited the use of these fillings, there are many countries still using mercury fillings including the USA.

Is Mercury Dangerous

Mercury can potentially be a very dangerous chemical, especially when human exposure occurs. The liquid form of mercury is highly hazardous because as it vaporizes at room temperature the air will become filled with tiny, invisible mercury atoms that are both scentless and soluble in fats and oils.

When mercury vapor is inhaled into the body, it will easily become absorbed by the body, where it will first get into the lungs and then travel into the blood and brain. The poison released from this nerve chemical can cause sleep disorders, agitation, and paralysis. And scary enough, high dosage of exposure to this chemical can result in a neurological disorder called erethism mercurialis. According to Thomas Gebel, a toxicologist at Germany’s Federal Institute for Occupational Health and Safety in Dortmun, “There are historically documented cases that describe how people’s handwriting changed after being exposed to high levels of mercury”.

How to Clean Up Mercury Spill

When or if mercury spills inside an area you will want to be sure that the cleanup process is left to a professional or HAZMAT team to properly clean and decontaminate the chemical from the environment. There are several different steps you should take to clean up after a mercury spill. These steps include the following:

Step 1: Isolate and Ventilate

The first thing you will want to do is to close doors and block off the contaminated area from human exposure. Avoid walking through this area – the less time you spend within the area the less exposure you will have to this hazardous chemical. It’s also important to turn off your HVAC system after a spill occurs. Once the spill takes place it will vaporize into the air and if your air handling system is running it can spread this vapor throughout the whole environment, which is very dangerous. If you find that the mercury vapors are traveling quickly throughout the area you may decide to open windows to help ventilate the affected area.

Step 2: Be Ready to Respond

You never know when exactly mercury will become present in your environment but preparing for this potential situation can be extremely beneficial. To prepare you may consider using an air monitoring equipment to help to detect the presence of mercury fumes. Having safety supplies on hand like gloves, goggles, and other appropriate clothing during a mercury response is also crucial to protecting yourself from mercury exposure.

Step 3: Cleanup Process 

There are several important cleaning tips to be aware of before performing a mercury cleanup. Firstly, do not use a regular vacuum to remove the mercury – this will result in the spreading of the chemical throughout the environment. Use a vacuum rated for mercury only, during a response and cleanup process. Also, be on high alert for small droplets of mercury that could have ended up on the surface of the spill.

The process of containing and neutralizing the chemical spill is important, especially ensuring that all traces of the chemical are completely removed from the area. Applying a decontamination solution like FAST-ACT will help to contain the presence of mercury in the area. FAST-ACT is a chemical decontamination solution that is both rapidly effective and easy to use to contain a chemical spill or release. The technology is composed of a patented earth mineral formula that is highly reactive against a broad spectrum of chemical agents including CWAs (Chemical Warfare Agents). FAST-ACT can be applied to both liquid and vapor releases – and will help to absorb the mercury chemical from the environment.

Step 4: Contain the Chemical Release

After the mercury release occurs, it is important to remove any contaminated clothing from your body. Place clothing, shoes, and any other items that were tainted by the mercury in a marked and sealed bag.

Step 5: Decontaminate Skin

If your skin came into contact with the mercury you will want to use warm water and anti-dandruff shampoo to remove the chemical from your skin. Anti-dandruff shampoo contains at least 1 percent selenium sulfide which helps to decontaminate mercury.

Mercury Decontamination

Detecting CBRN Threats

Detecting CBRN Threats

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical spill clean up, terrorist attack preparation, Uncategorized

All around the world there is a need for emergency responders, whether in a small or large community or city, to have access to reliable and interoperable CBRNe detectors to protect not only property but also human life. “CBRNe” is the abbreviation that is commonly used to describe the malevolent use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, & Explosive materials/weapons with the intention to cause mass casualties and destruction. Access to full CBRN protection can be extremely expensive to implement, but with the right CBRN mitigation tools and detection devices, prevention and protection of CBRN threats is achievable.

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear materials can possess hazardous effects, these effects can include the following in each category:

  • Chemical: Poisoning or injury caused by chemical substances. This can include military Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs), harmful industrial chemicals, and household chemicals.
  • Biological: Illnesses that are caused by a deliberate release of a hazardous bacteria, virus, or even a biological toxin.
  • Radiological: Illness caused by exposure to harmful radioactive materials.
  • Nuclear: Extreme life-threatening health effects that are caused by exposure to harmful radiation, thermal, or blast arising from a nuclear deployment.

Detecting these materials and weapons has been optimized over the last couple of years, with new and improving devices being brought forward for the utilization of emergency responders. These CBRNe detection devices have capabilities that allow for identification and communication of CBRN threats, as well as the capacity to recognize potential CBRNe threats through equipment, education, and effective protocols.

CBRN Attack

CBRN is what can be described as a low probability, high risk threat. Although the chances of an attack utilizing these materials is low, if it were to occur the results could be significant and even deadly. A CBRN attack can occur in several different manners which include:

  • Criminal acts, a deliberate dumping or release of hazardous materials to avoid regulatory requirements.
  • A maliciously motivated poisoning of one or more individuals.
  • Or a terrorist act that involves serious violence or brutality to people or property.

A CBRN attack differs from a normal terrorist attack significantly in many aspects. CBRN agents cause contamination and specific health hazards depending on the type of agent utilized and the amount of the agent deployed into the environment. Conclusively, CBRN attacks can present complete destruction and mass casualties with the sole intent of harming a whole group of people.

CBRN Threat Brief

Terroristic threats are a dangerous potential crisis for large populations of people. The development and utilization of CBRN weapons has proven a lethal threat and one that must be prepared for heavily. The full extent of the potential CBRN threats cannot be predicted as they can evolve in unanticipated ways depending on a number of outside factors. The unpredictability and uncertainty of these threats can pose a challenge in preparing for a possible CBRN threat.

Also, before a CBRN threat occurs, there are no warnings that are initiated prior to the threat, so being alert of potential indicators that may appear is critical. Indicators can occur suddenly and seem out of place such as powders, liquids, or strange smells.

CBRN Threats in Relation to TerrorismCBRN Threats in Relation to Terrorism

Terrorism and terrorist threats has been a main focus for the U.S. government. As of the past decades we have seen a growing recognition that vigilance in preventing terrorist groups from obtaining dangerous weapons, such as CBRN threats, is vital to protecting the health and safety of a large group of individuals. The strategy for countering terrorism is strengthened by counter programs that aim to reduce or abolish CBRN materials produced and stored by states.

The use of CBRN materials and the developing expertise of these weapons remains a haunting terrorist threat. Many terrorist groups have stated their intent to acquire, develop, and implement these materials. Within the last couple of years these threats have rung true, as ISIS was found responsible for a hazardous sulfur mustard attack in Syria on August 21, 2015. This attack gave the United States a proactive mission to disrupt and deny ISIS’s CBRN capabilities.

What Does a CBRN Specialist Do?

Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear specialists also known as CBRN or chemical operations specialists, are U.S. Army personnel who are responsible for protecting the country from weapons that fall into any of those categories. Specialists that are called to respond to a disaster will distribute protective gear or enter into impacted areas to begin the decontamination process. The CBRN specialist are trained to manage, train, and maintain protective gear that military members will wear when exposed to CBRN threats.

A CBRN specialist protects the country from the threat of these weapons of mass destruction and any weapon of a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear type. They plan and use highly advanced equipment in coordination with defense systems that are used against CBRN threats.

Types of Chemical Agent Detection Devices

Chemical agent detection methods will be an essential part of both medical crisis and consequence management. Detection and identification of the chemical agent or agents at the scene of a terrorist incident has to be accomplished but not at the expense of rapid and appropriate medical treatment of chemical casualties. Normally, an incident that involves the release of any chemicals or toxic materials will be categorized as a hazardous materials incident. Therefore, the first emergency responders who arrive on the scene must be capable of determining the Hazmat incident and be able to implement chemical agent detection devices at the scene.

Chemical detection equipment that is currently used by Hazmat teams varies considerably by the location. Large metropolitan areas and their current detectors can range from adequate to no capability for CWA detection. However, Hazmat teams are routinely equipped with a variety of chemical detectors and monitoring kits that can provide useful when chemical threats occur in the environment.

Chemical Decontamination Solution

When a chemical threat is detected in the environment the use of a chemical decontamination solution is needed. Depending on the chemical threat many chemical decon products require a different solution that is needed to apply to the chemical to achieve decontamination – this can be a lengthy process of identifying and decontaminating. However, with the FAST-ACT decontamination products, hazmat and first responders are able to quickly decontaminate a broad spectrum of chemical agents, including CWAs, without having to identify the chemical before deploying the decontamination process. The proprietary technology undergoes a patented process that makes the earth mineral ingredients highly reactive against a broad spectrum of chemicals, adsorbing and neutralizing chemical threats from the surface and air.

Chemical Decontamination Solution

CBRNe threats and detection devices are a very helpful and effective measure to have when a threat of this magnitude and danger is present to an environment and a population of people. Being prepared and protected with CBRN detection devices will aid in the overall safety of civilians and emergency responders upon the deployment of these potentially deadly CBRN materials.

Decontamination of Chemical Threats: from Person to Electronics

By | chemical attacks properness, chemical spill clean up, Uncategorized

Decontamination is a process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, neutralizing, or destroying chemical agents released in the environment. Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) are very complex and destructive agents that can be deployed or released into an area causing significant issues to both public health & overall safety. Chemical agents can be classified as nerve agents, blood agents, choking agents, and TICs (Toxic Industrial Chemical) – each category of chemical agents contain different characteristics that create a lethal concoction.

Chemical threats may be dispersed in many different forms ranging from liquid form to vapor form, which can both have their own hazardous effects on the environment, human health, and on decontamination equipment. CWAs in vapor form can penetrate into the interior of decon equipment and damage the equipment if the chemical agent is highly corrosive. Whereas CWAs in liquid form can adhere to a surface, spread over the surface, and penetrate into tiny spaces such as cracks and crevices – this type of adsorption can cause changes to the properties of the material, which can affect the decontamination equipment. Decontamination of chemical threats can be a very challenging process and having the proper equipment and trained personnel can help to accomplish a complete decontamination of a chemical threat.

What is the Purpose of Decontamination?

What is the Purpose of DecontaminationDecontamination is a multi-faceted topic that involves several components including health issues, hazardous materials (HAZMAT) issues, emergency response issues, and crime scene issues. This practice is set in place to facilitate the neutralization or destruction of hazardous chemicals that may get released into an environment.

Decontamination practices offer a rapid solution to limiting the spread of contaminants from the “hot zone”, where chemicals affect a specific area. There are many components included in the decontamination process, such as cleaning contaminated victims from a wide spectrum of chemical threats and neutralizing a contaminated area from hazardous materials.

Unfortunately, the reality is that often times decon is only conducted as an afterthought after an incident occurs, and because of this, decon can sometimes be dismissed as not an integral or important part of the response procedure. And when decontamination procedures are not implemented it can lead to a very volatile environment that can be significantly hazardous to humans.

What are the Basic Principles of Decontamination?

Decontamination overall is essential to have for emergency responders, HAZMAT, and military members who are typically the individuals who are exposed to and on the scene at a contaminated area. The resources required to perform a proper and effective decontamination is fairly costly in terms of manpower, time, space and even material, but the benefits that decontamination provide to the safety of the environment and humans is invaluable.

The process of decontamination is composed of basic principles to help facilitate a successful decon application – these four basic principles include speed, need, limit, and priority. Of these four principles, speed is amongst the most crucial when it comes to decontamination. Contamination of a chemical threat on personnel or in a specific area can pose an immediate hazard and become lethal within minutes after contamination takes place. Therefore, implementing immediate action and decontamination practices will play a key role in the effect of a chemical release or outbreak.

What are the Three Main Levels of Decontamination?

Depending on the level of hazard, the amount of the chemical present, and the actual chemical that is at play can all lead to a specific form of decontamination that needs to be activated. There are two categories of decontamination that can be used during a chemical release – Passive or Active Decontamination. Passive decontamination is accomplished by exposing an object to high temperatures, sunlight, and wind, which is a very time-consuming process for decontamination. Whereas active decontamination is a process of removing and neutralizing liquid or solid contamination of CWAs, this is a rapid decontamination solution that most emergency responders will utilize during a chemical release.

The active decontamination process is subdivided into three main levels of decontamination – immediate, operational, and thorough.

  • Immediate decontamination: Decon that is performed by the individuals and can include the decontamination of personal clothing and/or equipment. This can save lives, minimize casualties and limit the spread of contamination. It can also be performed on individual protective equipment to sustain personal protection.
  • Operational decontamination: Decon that is performed by an individual and/or unit on a specific part of operational significant equipment. This helps to minimize contact, transfer hazard, and to sustain operations.
  • Thorough decontamination: Decon that is performed by a unit to reduce contamination on personnel, equipment, material, and working areas to the lowest potential level.

All three levels of decontamination focus on both personnel decontamination and environment/surface decontamination. The process of decontaminating surfaces can be complex, as there are many factors you must take into consideration before containing and neutralizing the chemical threat. Many decontamination solutions require the identification of the chemical to properly neutralize the chemical threat, and this can be extremely time consuming. However, with the aid of a universal chemical decontamination solution, emergency-responders can quickly contain and neutralize the environment in which a chemical threat was present. FAST-ACT is a chemical decontamination provider that utilizes a proprietary formulation of non-toxic, high-performance specialty materials effective at neutralizing a wide range of toxic chemicals with the added capability of destroying CWAs.

How Do You Decontaminate Someone

FAST-ACT is revolutionary for liquid/vapor chemical decon with its ability to decontaminate a broad range of chemicals without the need of identifying the chemical at play. Thus, eliminating precious time wasted and minimizing health effects for those exposed.

How Do You Decontaminate Someone?

What are the Three Main Levels of DecontaminationDecontamination is most effective if victims first remove their clothing, as this has been shown to eliminate alone as much as 80-90% of all contamination. The effectiveness of removing clothes prior to decontamination rapidly decreases with time following exposure, so quick action should be taken following contamination. Victims are typically decontaminated in the water shower deluge of the decontamination corridor. Depending on the type of chemical exposure, the decontamination process can vary, the variations include the following:

  • Vapor Chemical Threat: A victim that has been exposed to the vapor should rub with either their hands, a soft cloth, or a sponge to remove the contaminants, from head to toe.
  • Liquid Chemical Threat: A victim that has been exposed to the liquid should use soap or a solution of detergent and water can be applied immediately to the skin.

Understanding and knowing the processes of implementing decontamination practices can be very vital to an emergency -responder who comes across a contaminated environment. Learning the purpose of decontamination and the best practices will help you to minimize the risks and contain a hazardous situation.

Methods of Chemical Decontamination for Chemical Spills

Top Methods of Chemical Decontamination for Chemical Spills: Pro’s vs Cons

By | chemical spill clean up, Uncategorized

Chemical spills and threats have become somewhat of a common occurrence in recent news with more and more incidents arising outside of the normal parameters of the typical chemical environment such as laboratories or chemical plant. Recently, chemical spills have happened with large semi-trucks filled with a “toxic” chemicals that have been releasing these chemicals onto the roadways – leaving a large decontamination job for HAZMAT to clean up and a huge risk factor to many civilians who could be potentially exposed. Each and every chemical decontamination will vary depending on the chemical spill at hand, making it difficult to deploy one specific guide for every chemical decontamination that is performed. However, what if there was a one-stop-shop chemical decontamination procedure you can take with almost every chemical spill? Below we are going to compare the main types of chemical decontamination for chemical spills and the benefits and cons of each to conclude the overall best process to utilize for future chemical spills & decon.

What is Decontamination

Decontamination is the process of removing or neutralizing materials that have come into contact with or on personnel or equipment during a spill. Decontamination is set in place to minimize exposure and protect workers from the potentially hazardous substances. The first priority of the decontamination process is to avoid contact with the material or substance at all costs and establish a decontamination zone to block off to other people. Then, depending on the type of chemical spill present you will need to conclude the best type of decontamination procedure to implement.

The most important and most effective decontamination of any chemical exposure is that decontamination is done within the first minute or two after exposure to the chemical agent. There are many different problems associated with potential decontaminants such as irritation of the skin, toxicity, ineffectiveness, or even high costs. The ideal decontamination will be rapid and completely neutralize all chemical agents.

Who Utilizes Chemical Decontamination Procedures

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) decontamination is the removal of CBRN material from equipment or humans. The military, first responders such as the fire and police departments, and HAZMAT teams are all trained and ready to deploy decontamination procedures quickly and effectively when need be. Chemical incidents can arise from an array of chemical accidents, human error, or a deliberate chemical attack, no matter what the circumstance before you are, being prepared with a set of decontamination procedures is critical.

Hazmat Decontamination Procedures

According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), a hazmat response team is an “organized group of trained personnel operating under an emergency response plan and appropriate standard operating procedures who handle and control actual or potential leaks and spills of hazardous materials”. Most Hazmat teams believe water is good, soap and water are better, and chlorine bleach solutions are best when dealing with either a chemical or biological agent. Chlorine bleach is a widely used method for decontamination, however, chlorine bleach is quite potent and can cause severe damage to the skin and even blindness if contact occurs in your eyes.

Different Methods of Chemical Decontamination

Different Methods of Chemical Decontamination

Chemical spills can be found in various forms from gas, liquid, solid, fumes, dust, fibers, or vapors. When any of these types of spills happen various methods of decontamination can be deployed including acid and base neutralizers, all-purpose absorbents, oil only absorbents, hazardous liquid absorbents, spill kits, decontaminating foams, and spill containment and material handling products. The list of different decontamination methods can vary in effectiveness, procedures, and implementation.

Solid Commercial Neutralization

This method of chemical decontamination is used to treat only one type of chemical hazard. Therefore, a pre-treatment hazard identification is mandatory. Solid commercial neutralizers are used to treat only liquid hazards & can generate a significant level of heat that have the potential to become hazardous – and with excess of the neutralizer, a possibly corrosive situation is created.

Spill Kits

Chemical spill kits are a popular decon solution, particularly for laboratories and factories. However, chemical spill kits have many disadvantages including the time required to complete the decontamination process and the knowledge of the chemical present along with the ideal solution needed to neutralize the agent. Spill kits have separate products for acids, caustics, and solvents, and thus identification is required before treatment. And if the kit is applied improperly a dangerous product could form. Also, this method of decontamination is only applicable for liquid spills and cannot treat vapor hazards. If you are trying to neutralize Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) and organic hazards, a spill kit will not be an effective decontamination method to implement.

Chemical Spill kitUniversal Neutralizer

Universal Neutralizing Sorbent is an effective decontamination method to clean up battery acids and bases, even hydrofluoric acid. This decon method can be applied to contain a liquid spill but is not effective towards the destruction of CWAs or any organic hazards – as well as vapor release decontamination.

Sorbent Based Decontamination Products

Sorbent based decontamination products were designed to be effective against chemical warfare agents such as Soman, Mustard, VX, etc. However, this decontamination method is not effective at neutralizing and eliminating most toxic industrial chemicals. Also, sorbent based decon products are only effective at liquid spills and not vapor releases.

Liquid Decontamination Products

The majority of liquid decontamination products such as bleach or DS2 are corrosive products – and these liquid decontaminants are primarily used to treat Chemical Warfare Agents. Liquid decon products cannot be used on metals such as potassium or sodium and they are not effective against a wide range of toxic industrial chemicals. Most liquid decontamination products are water based and cannot be used at sub-zero temperatures – and most importantly, this decon method does not treat vapor releases in the environment.

Foams

Decontamination foam is a spray-on cleaning solution that has a longer residence time on contaminated surfaces than regular liquids. This decon method is essentially water and a surfactant that creates an aqueous film forming foam that various reactive chemicals are then added to, resulting in the reduction of contaminants on the surface. Decontaminating foams are designed to treat chemical and/or biological warfare agents. This decon method has a large logistical burden due to water and ancillary equipment requirements as well as a need for premixing. Since decon foam is water based, they cannot be used in below freezing temperatures.

FAST-ACT (First Applied Sorbent Treatment – Against Chemical Threats)

Liquid & Vapor Chemical DecontaminationFAST-ACT is a proprietary formulation of non-toxic nano materials that are effective at neutralizing a wide range of toxic chemicals with the added capability to destroy chemical warfare agents. This decon method is effective against a wide range of toxic chemicals including acids, halogenated compounds, phosphorous compounds, acidic and caustic gases, organic compounds, and chemical warfare agents. FAST-ACT is offered in pressurized cylinders capable of addressing both liquid and vapor hazards as well as manually dispersed containers for liquid hazard treatment. This decon method is effective against a broad range of chemical hazards and eliminates the need for multiple products, making FAST-ACT a one-stop-shop for any chemical decontamination.

With FAST-ACT, containment and/or neutralization efficacy greater than 95% is achieved for most toxic chemicals within 2 minutes. Within 90 seconds over 99.6% (detection limit) of warfare agent is removed from surfaces. In 10 minutes 99% of GD and over 99.9% of VX is destroyed. After 60 minutes 70-80% of HD is neutralized.

*No Training is Required to Deploy FAST-ACT

Chemical decontamination is vital for rapid and effective neutralization of hazardous chemical spills and releases. Decontamination is time consuming and requires resources to accomplish complete elimination, therefore being well-versed in the different chemical decon methods and their effectiveness can aid in the ideal decon selection for the most complete chemical spill decontamination.

Clandestine Drug Lab Chemical Hazards & Health Risks to First Responders

By | chemical spill clean up

Chemical hazards can be present in almost every environment, but significant chemical dangers are only present in extremely volatile environments. Laboratories are a notoriously hazardous area for chemical threats as multiple chemicals are available in the area and could potentially mix to create an extremely hazardous chemical spill or vapor release. Lab workers and most importantly first responders require extensive training and knowledge on chemical dangers, how to safely shield yourself and others from these hazards, and the necessary steps to take to decontaminate the chemical hazards in the environment. According to the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), in 2014, there were over 9,338 laboratory incidents including labs and dump areas in the United States. This number has steadily increased as the years have progressed, making the danger of chemical spills heightened for first responders. A big contributing factor to this increased number of chemical spills is from illegal clandestine drug labs. A clandestine laboratory is a place where the collection and preparation of illegal substances are performed. The manufacturing of drugs, explosives, and even chemical warfare weapons was found in these ‘labs’, however, the main production in these labs is the manufacturing of the illegal drug methamphetamine. Toxic chemicals are used in the creation of these illegal substances, therefore the risks associated with entering these labs unprotected is elevated.

Dangers Present in a Clandestine Lab

Every year across the United States, first responders are exposed and injured in clandestine labs. These labs are not a new issue for first responders though. Since the activities performed in the labs are illegal they are often constructed for ease of concealing the lab, rather than focused on the safety. Many times, the operators of clandestine labs are inexperienced and have little education on chemicals – their dangers and hazards of mixing and combining different chemicals. A number of hazards exist in the environment which includes toxic releases from the chemicals and gases produced, fires, explosions, and chemical burns. Therefore, clandestine laboratories create obscured dangers that emergency responders will need to identify to protect themselves and others from, and this is accomplished through proper first responder training.

Chemicals Found in Clan Labs

Clan labs produce highly unstable environments because of the reactions of the amalgam of chemicals that are used in conjunction with each other. Other factors that produce a hazardous environment include water-reactive chemicals, elements used in heating, and poor ventilation that can heighten the volatility of the environment. Illegal drugs produced in these labs include Methamphetamine, Phenyl-2-Propanone (P2P), LSD, PCP, MDA/MDPP (Ecstasy), Methaqualude, Methcathinone, and Fentanyl. Many of these drugs utilize a long list of chemicals in its construction, which can possibly create a toxic environment when combined. Methamphetamines, for example, can be made from an estimated 34 chemicals. Thus, these chemicals can react in a number of different ways depending on the amount and combination mixed with each chemical compound.

Health Effects from Exposure to Clan Labs

Health effects typically obtained from exposures to clan labs can vary. Specifically, for hazmat and first responders that in some instances are unequipped with the necessary protective supplies and decontamination equipment that may be required in the clan lab. The level of health hazard presented varies based on the specific agent that you are exposed to, the route of exposure, the level of concentration of the toxin, and the duration of the exposure. Commonly reported symptoms to include nausea, headache, irritation affecting the skin, eyes, and mucous membrane. However, depending on the actual length of exposure the symptoms can be exacerbated significantly. First responders, therefore, need to be trained on the steps to take in this instance of entering a clan lab, and what equipment is required to prevent potential health effects from exposure.

First Response Training for Clandestine Labs

With the increased number of clandestine labs throughout the country, a correlating increase in problems from confronting state and local agencies that are called to these labs has begun to occur. These officials are often times the first to encounter these labs and therefore must be the ones to investigate, dismantle, and dispose of toxic/hazardous chemicals accordingly. The DEA Basic Clandestine Laboratory Certification School is the most distinguishable law enforcement – clandestine training according to OSHA standards. Due to the unique circumstances involved in raiding clandestine laboratory sites, tactical and safety precautions must be implemented upon entry of the lab. First responders having the proper training and knowledge of clan labs can help to minimize potential health hazards from exposure to these officials.

Clandestine Lab Chemical Decontamination

Clandestine laboratories contain many chemicals which can either produce a chemical vapor or liquid chemical that can produce hazards in the contaminated area. First responders and hazmat are required to have extensive knowledge of chemicals and a decontamination solution for each chemical class. Thus, they were required to handle and treat all cases with the utmost level of caution. The difficulty associated with determining each chemical is extremely high, as chemicals that are mixed with others can create an even more hazardous environment. However, with FAST-ACT a level of protection to Emergency Responders is available that has never before existed. The broad protection against volatile toxic chemicals afforded by FAST-ACT will provide law enforcement and emergency response workers an increased level of protection especially in dealing with clan labs.

FAST-ACT utilizes a patented technology that will immediately reduce the threat level by initially containing the chemicals into a solid non-vapor releasing form. For a broad spectrum of chemicals, FAST-ACT will begin to neutralize the chemical, as it has been tested against many chemicals that are commonly found in this type of environment. This eliminates the added time and difficulty of determining the chemical at play that needs to be contaminated, as FAST-ACT can most likely contaminate whatever chemical is in the environment. FAST-ACT is offered in pressurized cylinders capable of addressing both liquid and vapor hazards, manually dispersed containers, kits for liquid hazard treatment, and mitts for equipment and small-scale decontamination.

Ultimate Guide to Chemical Hazmat Decontamination

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical spill clean up

What are the procedures or steps to take when a chemical has been released into your environment? Something that most emergency departments, emergency medical services (EMS) and even the military are armed with is both the knowledge and the equipment to have the ability to decontaminate such instances of chemical releases. Chemical releases can occur from terrorist attacks, chemical spills, or even chemical accidents in the workplace. The slight possibility of a chemical release requires those emergency responders & HAZMAT to be prepared for such an event with a decontamination plan. There are tailored training classes and programs geared to teaching the necessary decontamination training needed for chemical releases – including the necessary hazmat equipment desired to decontaminate the released chemical. Therefore, understanding what decontamination is and what hazmat decontamination equipment and procedures are required to accomplish the potential chemical contamination is grave to overall safety and health.

What Does Decontamination Mean

Decontamination is the process of removing, reducing, or neutralizing contaminants that have accumulated on personnel, equipment and in the environment – it is critical to health and safety in hazardous conditions. Decon is a vital component to hazardous emergency response, as time becomes of the essence when dealing with a chemical release or attack. The process of decontamination is so important that, in many cases, no one is permitted to enter a hazardous area until decon is set up and ready to implement. However, sometimes containing a hazardous environment or area can be difficult, particularly when you are left dealing with the aftermath of a terrorist attack that released chemicals into a large populated area. Thus, the importance of decontamination is critical to public health and safety.

Importance of Decontamination

Every day, there are large quantities of hazardous chemicals that are created, transported, stored, and even applied for industrial or household purposes. While keeping in mind other potential threats like opposing countries that have stockpiles of chemical weapons that could be deployed unknowingly into the environment. Therefore, the importance of decontamination is high as proper decontamination practices can help aid in the reduction of hazardous chemicals, thus protecting health and ensuring safety in the environment. Chemicals can settle onto the surfaces and contaminate the area, therefore releasing airborne chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) agents into the air. When these chemicals become airborne into the air, the risk of exposure increases for those in the environment which leads to the need for emergency responders and military members to quickly react to the chemical in the area, by utilizing a decontamination plan and chemical decontamination applications.

When chemicals are released into the environment, they can quickly spread throughout the infected area and reach for pass the deployed space. Three areas to monitor for contamination of chemicals includes surfaces, air, and on your skin.

Chemical Contamination on Skin

Chemical contamination on your skin will require almost immediate action. To start, you will quickly want to remove your clothing, as clothing can contribute to contamination and contact to your skin because the chemicals can become absorbed into the fabric of your clothing. Also, you will want to remove hazardous skin and hair from your skin with any dry absorbent material and follow with a wet decontamination – shower, swimming pool, etc.- to aid in the removal process.

Chemical Contamination on Surfaces

Chemical agents will disperse into the environment and begin settling onto the surfaces. When chemicals proceed to contaminate the surfaces, having a successful and effective decontamination solution is imperative to complete decontamination. Particularly, when dealing with Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) the difficulty in completely neutralizing and decontaminating the toxic chemical can be no easy task. Utilizing a surface decontamination application such as those of FAST-ACT can help to rid the surface of potentially hazardous chemicals that people can become exposed to and come into contact with.

Chemical Contamination in the Air

Vapor chemical releases that find their way into the air can become potentially toxic depending on the chemical at play and the quantity of the chemical in the air. Chemical exposure can occur when you breathe in air that is contaminated by hazardous chemicals that have circulated in the air. A chemical vapor release can be difficult to decontaminate and control as it can quickly make a significant impact on public health and safety. To effectively neutralize and decontaminate the hazardous chemical vapors you will need a vapor neutralizing pressurized cylinder that can work to decontaminate the sources of toxic vapor.

Types of Decontamination

There are a couple different methods for decontamination that first-responders, HAZMAT, and the military utilize. These different types of decontamination include water/soap wash, oxidation/hydrolysis, and hydrolysis. Going through each of these types of decontamination will help to determine the necessary chemical hazmat decontamination you will need for each chemical contamination situation.

Chemical Decontamination for Skin: Water/Soap Wash

Can soap and water do the trick for complete chemical decontamination on your skin? For a quick and immediate response to a chemical release, soap and water might be the quickest solution within reach. Soap and water is a low-cost decontaminant that removes chemicals by washing them off the skin. In most cases, large amounts of water or soap and water are effective for washing most agents including chemical, biological, and radiological contaminants.

Chemical Decontamination for Surface: FAST-ACT Chemical Decontamination Kit

Surfaces, following a chemical release, can become contaminated and therefore create a hazardous environment for those exposed. Combating chemicals on the surface will require effective chemical neutralizing applications such as the FAST-ACT Chemical Decontamination Kit. The effective FAST-ACT Chemical Decon Kit provides an assortment of popular surface decon products all contained in a compact storage box. These surface decon products all utilize the proprietary FAST-ACT technology for neutralizing and decontaminating a broad spectrum of chemical agents. FAST-ACT contains a proprietary formulation of non-toxic high-performance specialty materials that are effective at broad spectrum chemical neutralization including chemical warfare agent neutralization. Included in the FAST-ACT Chemical Decontamination Kit is the following:

  • FAST-ACT Decon Mitt (4 Mitts): Allows for safe and easy wiping and handling of chemical spills. Simply secure the mitt on your hand and apply to the contaminated surface.
  • FAST-ACT Sorbent Powder Bottle Set: Two 50-gram proofer bottles of FAST-ACT. Just tear, open the pack, flip open the bottle top, aim and squeeze on the surface contamination.
  • FAST-ACT Microfiber Towel Set: 2 microfiber towels, just open the pack, unroll towels, and use the green towel to absorb the excess liquid chemical from the surface, then use the FAST-ACT containing towel for surface chemical decontamination.
  • FAST-ACT/ VapourKlenz Face Masks (3): Offers our patented neutralization technology in a comfortable face mask for nuisance particulates and chemical odors.

Chemical Decontamination for Air: FAST-ACT Pressurized Cylinder

Whether you are dealing with a chemical release, spill, or attack, the chemical(s) can become airborne in your environment, tainting the quality of your air and increasing your risk of danger. When hazardous chemicals are in your air it increases the risk of inhalation and exposure, therefore having a vapor chemical decontamination application is imperative to control the safety of the environment and those exposed. The FAST-ACT Pressurized Cylinder is a vapor chemical decontamination product contained in an extinguisher for easy release. This vapor decontamination application is effective at removing harmful vapors in an enclosed space and can also be used to decontaminate gear, vehicles, or vapors in the air.

Personal Protection Safety Gear: Gas Mask vs Respirator Mask

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical spill clean up, terrorist attack preparation, Uncategorized

Are you prepared with personal protection gear in the event that your safety is compromised? Safety is of the utmost importance, whether you are a concerned parent who fears for your child’s safety, work in a field that has you exposed to hazardous chemicals, or even if you are just a concerned human that wants to have the proper safety gear within arm’s reach in the event that it becomes critical to your health. Personal protective equipment can include protective clothing and ensembles, eye safety, and most importantly air respirators. When hazardous chemicals are released into your environment, the chemicals can enter into your body through your skin, eyes, or through inhalation, and therefore having protection from these toxic chemicals with personal protection safety gear has become a direr need for all. Chemicals have the ability to spread rapidly and aggressively throughout the exposed environment, and inhalation can be the area with the most exposure for humans. In recent years, gas masks have been the ultimate protective solution for any chemical or gas release in the environment, however, could there be an alternative solution that can more effectively guard you against chemical exposure? Many people have begun to prepare themselves with protective air respirator masks as a form of chemical protection for their air, rather than using gas masks, but is an air respirator mask better than a gas mask?

why do people wear gas masksPersonal Protection Preparedness: Why Do People Wear Gas Masks?

Disasters, attacks, or even a chemical spill can happen unexpectantly, and sometimes in the blink of an eye. Preparation for these unwanted and alarming situations can be critical, and in many cases having the proper preparations and protective safety gear in place can significantly minimize the risks and hazards presented in the environment no matter the situation at hand. For many people who work in an environment that has the potential for chemical releases or exposure such as in a lab or plant, they will be provided with the necessary personal protective equipment as an OSHA standard, but if you are more concerned about the imminent threat of chemical exposure in your every day, you may want to collect these safety gear to have on hand in the rare case that it is required to protect your health. The area in which most people are concerned with is air protection following a chemical release, spill, or attack. The average adult inhales and exhales close to 7 or 8 liters of air per minute, a total of 11,000 liters of air in a day. Therefore, when the air in your environment has become tainted with chemicals the inherent risk of breathing in a substantial level of chemicals is significantly high. Many people will turn to gas masks as a form of protection for chemical contamination in their air. Gas masks have long been the solution for chemical protection for hazardous air in the environment, dating back as far as World War I. And if a gas mask has been used for that long, how could it not be the best choice for protection against toxic contaminants in the air?

Benefits of Wearing Mask for Protection

Air pollutants and chemicals that find their way into the environment can have a significant impact on your overall health, especially when toxic chemicals such as chemical warfare agents have invaded your air. If this occurs in your environment a mask to protect yourself could be immensely beneficial.

Depending on the chemical released in the environment the health risks of exposure could vary. Chemical exposure health risks are contingent on the type of chemical present, the amount of the chemical, the length of exposure, and the age and health of the person exposed. The potential health effects that can occur from exposure to chemicals include:

  • Organ damage
  • A weakening of the immune system
  • Reproductive problems and birth defects
  • Effects on the mental cognitive or physical development of children
  • Cancer

A protective face mask will aid in the reduction of possible exposure symptoms, thus a key benefit of utilizing a face mask. Also, face masks will filter out the small particulate matter in the air that can cause severe symptoms, this particulate matter can be a result of a fire, explosion, or even from the residue of a chemical release.

Gas Mask vs Respirator Mask

Gas masks are a protective mask used to cover a person’s face as a defense against poisonous or hazardous gases and chemicals. This type of mask will cover your face almost completely and includes a face piece or mask, along with a filter or cartridge device. Most gas masks utilize activated carbon or charcoal as a filtering technology, however, charcoal only removes certain chemicals and once the charcoal is full it will begin re-releasing the captured chemicals. Thus, gas masks are effective only if used with the correct cartridge or filter for chemical substance and it also requires more replacements for the filter, so the time for effectiveness per filter is hard to determine, especially when exposed to a hazardous environment.

A respirator, on the other hand, is usually only effective at protecting against particles. These types of masks usually do not protect against chemicals, gases, or vapors and are really intended for low hazard levels. Particulate respirators are categorized as “air-purifying respirators” because they clean particles out of the air as you breathe, which is great, but for chemical protection, respirators tend to fall short. However, what if there was a respirator that was both effective at particulate removal and chemical/gas neutralization? The FAST-ACT VapourKlenz Face Mask utilizes a proprietary technology that is highly reactive against a broad spectrum of chemicals and noxious odors including chemical warfare agents, as well as particulate removal. This mask is lightweight and can easily be carried around for immediate use, which is critical in preparedness for chemical exposure.

Why Buy a Gas Mask?

Buying a gas mask has its perks but it also has its downfalls as well. Gas masks offer protection from chemicals and gases in the environment. However, you need to be aware that not all gas masks are the same. Not all gas masks and filters are effective against chemical warfare and riot control agents. Without protection from these agents, the job of the gas mask is greatly reduced, and almost entirely useless. Thus, it is important to ensure the filter that accompanies the masks is effective at protecting against nuclear and chemical threats. Also, size and fit are critical. Many gas masks will fit differently which can significantly impact filtration of the hazardous chemical agents in the air.

Filter life on your gas mask can also become a major issue present when using it in a hazardous environment. Most gas mask filters need to be replaced within hours of initial use, which is not conducive when presented with a hazardous environment. Lastly, in the event of a chemical attack, release, or spill it is almost always too late when you get your gas mask on. Gas masks are not easily transported or carried every day, which results in a delay in getting the protection on when you need it. This can severely impact your health and can lead to high levels of exposure.

Why Buy a Chemical Respirator Mask?

Chemical respirator masks can offer a vast amount of benefits compared to gas masks for protection against chemicals and particulates. Firstly, unlike gas masks, chemical respirator masks offer protection without full face coverage. Chemical respirator masks go over the ears and will cover your nose and mouth for inhalation protection. Although this does not offer eye protection, it is for many people, a better option as it does not invoke claustrophobia in people who are claustrophobic. All you need with this chemical respirator mask is a pair of protective goggles and your face will be protected.

Also, chemical respirator masks, specifically the FAST-ACT VapourKlenz Face Mask is a broad spectrum chemical neutralization filter that is able to neutralize a vast amount of chemicals that come into contact with the filter. Gas masks only work against certain chemicals; therefore, a chemical respirator mask can offer more protection against chemicals. The filter life on a chemical respirator mask can also have a longer lifespan than that of a gas mask. Gas masks that use carbon technology filtration can fill up within hours after exposure to a toxic environment, whereas a chemical respirator mask, FAST-ACT VapourKlenz Face Mask, will last up to 3 months in hazardous conditions. Lastly, a chemical respirator mask offers more accessibility as the lightweight mask can be easily carried wherever you go, allowing you to be prepared to place the protective gear on as soon as chemicals are exposed into your environment.

Personal protection safety gear should be a concern for every and all individuals that want to protect themselves and the ones they love in the case of an emergency situation like a chemical attack or spill. Having the proper protective safety gear such as a chemical respirator mask will aid you in minimizing exposure and protecting your overall health.

How to Prepare for Chemical Exposures in Your Environment

How to Prepare for Chemical Exposures in Your Environment

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical spill clean up, terrorist attack preparation

Chemicals are everywhere, and in insurmountable numbers even if you are not aware of it. Chemicals can be used in a variety of applications as well as helping to keep our food fresh to even cleaning our bodies. Under certain conditions, chemicals can be useful but in others, they can present hazardous and harmful effects to our health. Some chemicals that are even safe to use in normal circumstances, can become hazardous in large quantities. Preparing for potentially hazardous situations is something we do almost every day, from putting our seatbelt on to protect ourselves, having a fire extinguisher in our home in case of a fire, or even having a first-aid kit available when an injury occurs in your home. So why wouldn’t you want to be prepared for a chemical exposure in your environment as well?

What Types of Chemicals are Hazardous

Determining the level of hazard presented by each type of chemical will depend on a variety of different aspects, such as the composition of the chemical and the amount of which is present in the environment. Some of the most well-known and classified hazardous groups of chemicals include Anticholinergic Agents, Biotoxins, Caustics, Choking Agents, Blistering Agents, and Nerve Agents. You may have never heard of these chemical groups before, but the chemicals contained in these groups will refresh your mind.

  • Mustard gas
  • Chlorine
  • Sarin
  • Tabun
  • Soman
  • Lewisite
  • VX
  • Acids
  • Bases
  • Organics

Symptoms of Toxic Chemical ExposureSymptoms of Toxic Chemical Exposure

Chemicals can enter the body through the three main “routes of exposure”, including inhalation, skin or eye contact, and ingestion.

  • Inhalation is the act of breathing in chemical hazards whether the chemical is a gas, mist, or dust that is in the air.
  • Skin & Eye Contact occurs when chemicals make contact with your eyes or skin they can damage the skin and even be absorbed through the skin and find its way into your bloodstream.
  • Ingestion of chemicals can happen when the chemicals spill or settle onto your drink, food, beard, or hands.

The health effects and symptoms of toxic chemical exposure vary depending on a few components such as the chemical exposure, the length of time of exposure, and the amount spilled of the chemical. The effects of toxic chemicals can thus be classified into two groups, acute and chronic effects.

  1. Acute effects will become present immediately or very shortly after exposure to the chemical. The symptoms may be minor such as a nose or throat irritation, or they can be serious like eye damage or fainting.
  2. Chronic effects could potentially take years to become apparent to yourself. Usually, chronic effects are caused by regular exposure to a harmful substance over a long duration of time, with these effects most likely being permanent.

The Different Types of Chemical Exposures

When you are surrounded by or in the presence of chemicals, the possibility of an exposure occurring is plausible. Chemicals in the workplace, in your home, in a laboratory, or even in potential threat situation can present hazards to those exposed to the chemical.

Laboratory Chemical Scenarios

Laboratories are one of the main environments that could be exposed to chemicals and hazards. With over hundreds of different chemicals in their facility, the risk factors and dangers are drastic. Due to the nature of this environment and the processes that are undertaken in this atmosphere, planning and being prepared for potential chemical exposures and spills is vital. The first steps in a laboratory are to have employee and personnel have a basic understanding of the risks and precautions involved with dealing with chemicals. Also, having a plan to implement when a chemical exposure occurs and placing chemical decontamination equipment in an accessible area is critical. Chemical spills are the most common form of chemical exposure in this environment, thus having a fast-acting chemical decontamination application to deploy on the infected area is a necessary step to take. The FAST-ACT 500-gram Shaker Bottle provides you a fast and easy solution to liquid chemical spills in your environment. Simply unscrew the lid and apply the powder directly onto the spilled chemical. Be sure to fully apply the powder on the liquid chemical to fully decontaminate and neutralize the chemical.

Hazmat Exercise Chemical Scenarios

The United States National Response Team has conducted training to a composed group of 15 federal agencies that have major responsibilities in environmental, transportation, emergency management, worker safety, and public health areas. The U.S. National Response Team is responsible for coordinating federal planning, preparedness, and response actions related to oil discharges and hazardous substance releases in the environment such as weapons of mass destruction and other environmental incidents. During these training scenarios, they go over response mechanisms and make recommendations regarding the improvement of the response system. When discussing response steps to take for chemical scenarios for hazmat exercises a potential resource that can be used is the FAST-ACT technology that is effective at quickly deploying and neutralizing chemical hazards in the environment. FAST-ACT utilizes a proprietary formulation that is effective at neutralizing a wide range of chemicals, with the added capability to destroy chemical warfare agents that are extremely hazardous chemicals. When dealing with a chemical warfare agent, deploying the FAST-ACT Pressurized Cylinder can be an optimum solution to neutralizing chemical vapors in the air. The simple application of the FAST-ACT pressurized cylinder allows you the ability to quickly deploy and reduce the potential hazards presented in the environment.

Terrorist Attack Chemical Scenarios

The potential possibility of a terrorist attack occurring in the United States is no longer an empty threat but a possible scary reality. And with the use of chemical or biological weapons of mass destruction being the source of the attack, learning how to prepare for these attacks is critical. The United States has taken serious steps in preparing for terrorist attacks using these weapons and even went as far as to enact the Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act in 1996. Although it is a positive step to know that your state has in place a plan of protection in this circumstance, you still want to have personal protection on hand that you can use in the event that this type of chemical scenario is present in your environment. The FAST-ACT Chemical Decontamination Kit provides an assortment of surface decontamination products that can be used in an emergency situation. Whether you are dealing with a liquid chemical or vapor chemical release, the FAST-ACT Chemical Decontamination Kit can arm you with chemical protection. The kit includes the following products:

  • FAST-ACT Decon Mitt (4 Mitts)
  • FAST-ACT Sorbent Powder Bottle Set
  • FAST-ACT Microfiber Towel Set
  • FAST-ACT/ VapourKlenz Face Masks (3)
  • User Manual and Product Information

The Ultimate Doomsday Prepper Spill Kit to Have When SHTF

The Ultimate Doomsday Prepper Spill Kit to Have When SHTF

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical attacks properness, chemical spill clean up, terrorist attack preparation

The term “Doomsday Prepper” has gained an increased popularity in recent years as the potential fears presented to human life from wars, conspiracy theories and overall concerns of natural disasters presented in the environment have driven people to start “prepping” for these potential situations. When the average American hears the words “Doomsday Preppers” they may associate these people as being paranoid, worried or even crazy but do they preppers really have the right idea and overall advantage over the rest of us when potential SHTF?

The survivalists who make preparations and collect supplies for various doomsday scenarios have been around for years, dating as late back to the Mayans or even before! In actuality, years ago no one used the term “prepping” because everyone was essentially a prepper. People would grow their own food and crops, perform their own first aid remedies, and many other “survival skills”. Today, however, with our lack of knowledge on many of these “survival skills” we have to depend on prepping supplies like first aid kits, canned foods, and protective gear to aid us in these situations. As “preppers” stock up their survival supplies in preparation for hazardous conditions, there may be one area in which preparation and supplies are lacking, thus being chemical & gas protection. Potential attacks using chemicals and gases like chlorine and mustard gas could be a looming threat to humans as recent wars in Syria and potential threats from North Korea have increased worry in preppers minds on this issue. We are going to discuss the best chemical protection gear to have in your supply arsenal and what potential situations in which this gear will come in handy.

doomsday gear list

Preparing Your SHTF Plan – Get Your Survival Kit Ready

Most preppers are identified as being predominantly middle-class people with average jobs. The number of preppers is unknown, but a poll done by the National Geographic Channel indicated that 28 percent of Americans know a “prepper”. Today’s preppers worry about a list of possible disastrous events such as an economic collapse, war, oil shortages, and natural disasters. With these worries, an experienced and well-versed prepper will have a when SHTF (Shit Hits the Fan) plan ready to execute when the time presents. SHFT is a prepper word that is commonly used in the prepper “lingo”. Some other common words that most preppers use include TEOTWAWKI (the end of the world as we know it), WROL (without rule of law), and BOB ( Bug-out-Bag). Bug out bags are an essential aspect of many survivalists SHTF plans as preparing items like food, water, and ammunition are commonly stored in this prepper bag, as well as an array of devices and tools that will come in handy should there be no electricity or water supply.

Many survivalist sites will give you a well-formed list of supplies to include in your SHTF plan and bug out bag. However, in this list protective gear from chemical attacks is a lacking component and potentially crucial missing piece in your SHTF plan. Chemical warfare is still a looming threat with attacks going on in Syria, as well as possible threats from countries like North Korea. Chemical protective gear including a VapourKlenz Face Mask (for removal of chemicals and odors in your air), Powder Bottle Pack (for quick chemical decontamination in a powder formula), Decon Mitt (for easy cleaning and patting of chemicals on items), and a Microfiber Towel (that absorbs up large chemical spills). These four products make up the ultimate doomsday prepper spill kit to have on hand when SHTF.

shtfplan

 

Dangers of Chemical Attacks & Protecting Yourself

A chemical weapon is a toxic chemical that is contained in a delivery system of either a bomb or shell, according to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Chemical weapons were first introduced in 1915 when the German military opened 168 tons of chlorine gas in Ypres, Belgium resulting in the death of 50,000 fighters. Two years later, the first deployment of sulfur mustard was released and led to the main cause of casualties in World War I. The main different types of chemical weapon agents include Nerve Agents (sarin& VX), Vesicating or blistering agents (mustard gas), and choking agents (chlorine), all potential chemicals used in chemical warfare.

Although a number of international treaties have restricted the production and stocking of these hazardous chemical weapons, there are still reports that several countries continue to stock these chemical agents. In July of last year, the Syrian government appeared to admit their guilt of possessing these chemical weapons. And just as recently as two days ago, there were casualties in Syria related to Chlorine attacks making chemical attacks a major danger to civilians. For those that find themselves in a situation of chemical hazardous or end of the world preparation, make sure to learn how to prepare for a chemical attack in case you find yourself in the need of chemical protection.

Chlorine Attack- Syrian AttacksChlorine Attacks -Syrian Attacks

Chlorine attacks have become a common form of attacks in Syria within the six-year war, with the use of other nerve agents in densely populated areas striking fear in many. Medical staff treating those affected by these attacks have shown breathing difficulties as well as other health problems. The potential health damage that chlorine attacks can pose to those in affected areas can be quite dangerous. Preppers, after seeing these attacks may want to take steps to protect their health if a situation may ever occur similar to those in Syria. The FAST-ACT VapourKlenz Face Mask is the ideal protective gear to have when exposed to chlorine or other nerve agents in the air. The FAST-ACT technology has been evaluated against some of the most dangerous chemical warfare agents including VX, GD, and mustard gas. The technology is applied in the VapourKlenz Face Mask to break down chemicals and odors through our mini filtration device on the mask that allows you to avoid breathing in toxic chemicals caused by chemical attacks.

History of Mustard Gas: Is it Still Used Today?

Mustard gas is a chemical agent that can cause severe burning of the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. This type of gas was first introduced into chemical warfare during World War I, as the gas is able to affect its victims in masses. It is known for its ability to be absorbed into the body through inhalation, ingestion, or by coming into contact with the skin or eyes. The FAST-ACT Decon Mitt protects against mustard gas releases and when you or your personal items have been contaminated by this chemical. It is a safe and easy method to wipe away chemical spills or contamination. Mustard gas can be harmful and “preppers” may want to consider being prepared in case of a circumstance where mustard gas is released into their environment.

Doomsday Prepper Spill Kit: Essential for Your Bug Out Bag

Nobody wants to be in a situation where they have to drop everything and leave-dodge ASAP. In an emergency situation many “doomsday preppers” take precaution and have an escape bag packed and ready to go, this bag is commonly referred to as a Bug Out Bag. A Bug out Bag consists of necessary survival items that one feels is necessary when SHTF, one might even have a travel bug out bag packed and prepared for when they are on the go. When composing your best bug out bag some common items that many have stocked away ready to go include food, water, first-aid kits, weapons, and other survival gear. Other protective gear you may want to consider includes chemical protection products for your ultimate bug out bag for doomsday preppers when they are exposed to chemical releases in your environment. The FAST-ACT Powder Bottle Pack includes two 50-gram proofer bottles of FAST-ACT. Just tear open the pack, flip open the bottle top, aim and squeeze in the direction of the surface you need to decontaminate. The powder reduces both liquid and vapor hazards and works great in conjunction with the FAST-ACT Microfiber Towel Pack. The FAST-ACT Microfiber Towel includes two microfiber towels that easily absorb excess liquid chemicals from any surface. It can be used for surface decontamination, chemical decontamination, and even gear clean up.

gear up prepper

 

 

Doomsday Preppers need to think about preparation for chemical releases and attacks. When planning and preparation go into packing your BOB or EDC survival items or even stocking your doomsday bunker, having a Doomsday Prepper Spill Kit is essential for when SHTF.

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7 Must Have Survival Items for the End of the World Preparation

By | chemical attack preparation, chemical spill clean up, terrorist attack preparation

Are you prepared for the end of the world? If you are not, it is entirely understandable. Many people fear the thought of the end of the world. They might enjoy watching TV series such as Star Trek and others that play around with the idea but don’t fully comprehend their plan if it were to happen.

Economic Collapse Preparation

All in all, it is now evident that an economic crisis is not a far-fetched idea. The financial crisis of 2007 and 2008 is still fresh in many people’s minds. During the crisis, the mighty and powerful financial institutions collapsed – including the Lehman Brothers.

History has recorded other devastating natural disasters.In the year 2010, Haiti was hit with one of the worst earthquakes ever recorded in that part of the world. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake with a record depth of 8.1 miles left more than 200,000 people homeless. Millions of others were left homeless and in need of an emergency solution.

How to Survive the End Days

Other natural and human-made disasters have been recorded in the history of man. What has happened before, can always happen again. It is always advisable to stay prepared for any eventualities.
The following are some of the items that you might consider buying to stock them in your store or basement. They might be the most valuable items in times of emergency.

1. Water
Water is one of the most fundamental and significant things to have on you during a crisis. It is said that lack of water kills man faster than hunger. Therefore, ensure that you safely store some gallons of water somewhere in the house.
The good thing about water is that it can be easily found in rivers, pools and such. However, to remain healthy, it is advisable to have a way to boil this water to kill the harmful bacteria. One can also store some of the filters to help in the purification of the water from contaminated areas.

2. Food
Food is one of the primary needs in life. During an emergency, your need for food will be at the top of the list. As seen in the ‘end of humanity’ TV series, people result in inhumane ways when searching for food. Therefore having a secret stash of food is a sure way to survive in adverse situations.

It is necessary to find food that can be stored for an extended period. The people who live in the Arctic have an advantage since they can save food in the snow for an extended period. You can also freeze the food for storage. It might not be the most delicious, but again, during an emergency, delicacy is a luxury.

3. Shelter
Most disasters leave people homeless and even if they don’t, the crisis that follows forces them to move from their homes in search of food or other survivors. It is always nice to have a makeshift tent that is portable. That way you can be able to move around and shelter yourself from the harsh weather elements. It might also call for getting a sleeping bag. It will help you to remain warm and healthy and survive through the adversity.

4. Safety
Syria has recorded some of the worst cases of chemical attacks. The effects of those attacks are still evident today decades later. It is therefore imperative for any people who are conscious about their safety to have gear specifically for this kind of scenario.

Decontamination of surfaces that have been exposed to the deadly chemicals is necessary so that everyone can remain healthy. There is the FAST-ACT Microfiber Towel Pack which is efficient in decontamination of chemical substances from surfaces. They also have a bottle that is effective in cleaning gear that has been exposed.During a chemical attack emergency, it is useful to have a gas mask for safety. The FAST-ACT Air Respirator Mask is an excellent option for such situations.

5. Cash
Have you ever thought about that moment that you are caught up in an emergency where you could not access any banks, ATMs or even transact any online banking? According to some people’s belief, it is not wise to keep money in the house; it is an ancient way of storing cash. However, I would differ with that. What if there were sudden floods and your specific bank remained closed amidst all the chaos? It is highly crucial always to keep some cash stacked away in some ‘safe haven’ for such days.

Cash at that moment is a lifesaver because you will need to buy a few essentials such as food or even relocating to maybe a family member’s house. All this requires funds. The amount of cash you keep in your home is for you to determine.

6. Power Alternatives

We live in a modern day age where electricity is quite a big deal in our day to day lives. It is what ensures that our HVACs are working correctly among other things. What to do in the case of a substantial countrywide blackout? Backup generators would have to step in and cover the situation at hand. Solar powered systems would also play a huge role.

A more portable solution would be to have flashlights in your emergency survival kit that will provide alternative lighting. Keep a refrigerator closed for a few hours. Most often, it will keep food cold for a few hours.

7. Long Distance Communication Options
As discussed below, power could go off anytime with no prior warning. With the recent technological developments, power banks have come to save lives. Many people would attest to this without any doubt.

Power outages are inevitable sometimes and especially in cases of hurricane occurrences. Your survival kit should include a power bank because your phone could go off anytime and that would cut any communication with the outside world. These devices come in handy when you want to call for help or communicate with a rescue team on their way to rescue you.

The above essentials should not limit you to what should be in your kit. You can always add other items you feel should be on your list. It’s better to be prepared for such situations rather than be caught clueless and helpless.